What is Fleece Fabric Made Out Of
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What is Fleece Fabric Made Out Of

Views: 50     Author: Aisha     Publish Time: 2024-04-26      Origin: Site

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What is Fleece Fabric Made Out Of?


Fleece fabric has become a staple in the textile industry, beloved for its warmth, comfort, and versatility. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore the origins, production processes, and types of fleece fabric. Additionally, we'll delve into its various applications and the environmental impacts associated with its production. By the end of this article, you'll have a thorough understanding of what fleece fabric is made of and why it's so widely used across various sectors.

Understanding Fleece Fabric

The Basics of Fleece

Fleece is a synthetic fabric widely recognized for its softness and insulating properties. It mimics the texture of natural wool but is produced from polyester and other synthetic fibers. This section explores the foundational components of fleece and its textile classification.

Historical Development

The development of fleece fabric is a modern tale. It was created in the 1970s as part of an effort to find a lightweight, warm alternative to wool that could be worn in wet conditions without absorbing water. This innovation led to the creation of a fabric that retained heat efficiently without the weight or bulk of traditional wool.

The Production Process

Raw Materials

The primary component of fleece fabric is polyester, which is derived from petroleum. This section discusses the transformation of crude oil into polyester fibers and the role of other synthetic materials in fleece production.

Manufacturing Fleece

The process of making fleece involves several steps:

  1. Polymerization: The creation of polyester fibers from ethylene derived from petroleum.

  2. Spinning: Melting and extruding the polymers to form fibers.

  3. Weaving or Knitting: These fibers are then knitted or woven into a light fabric.

  4. Brushing: The fabric is brushed to raise the fibers, creating a dense, insulating texture known as the 'nap'.

Dyeing and Finishing

Post-weaving, fleece undergoes dyeing and finishing processes to enhance its color and texture. This part will explain the eco-friendly practices in fleece fabric dyeing and finishing.

Types of Fleece

Polar Fleece

The most common type of fleece, known for its warmth and durability. Ideal for outdoor clothing and accessories.

Flannel Fleece 

Flannel Fleece, or also called peach skin , is a fabric that is characterized by being a knitted fabric that has a plush or fleece finish, in the same way its fibers are made from polyester , they can be found in multiple presentations, whether unicolor or printed .

Plain Flannel Fleece Fabric

Coral Fleece

Coral Fleece is a vibrant, coral-like fabric known for its fine texture and softness. This modern textile resists shedding, pilling, and fading, while being gentle on the skin. It boasts a beautiful look and comes in various colors. Commonly made from polyester fibers dty150d/288f and dty150d/144f, its fine filaments and low bending modulus enhance its exceptional softness.

cartoon printed coral fleece fabric

Minky Fleece

Minky Fleece is a knitted fabric made of polyester fibers. It is mainly characterized by very good thermal insulation and a soft and extremely cozy texture of the material. The material is hydrophobic - it has a limited ability to absorb moisture and dries quickly. The knitted fabric has nice, short bristles on the outside and smooth on the underside.

Sherpa Fleece Fabric 

Sherpa fabric is breathable, very soft to touch, comfortable, cosy, warm, perfect for cold weather. The texture is similar to natural fur, but it is artificially processed. The fabric stretches in both directions and has two different sides. One is woollen with a soft texture and the other is smooth. The fabric is made of synthetic fibbers and is 100% polyester. Available in a wide range of rich shades. Sherpa is mostly used for blanket or cloth lining, nightgowns, etc. It has advantages of moisture absorption, breathability, soft-touch, fullness, elasticity, fluffy and elegant feeling.


Lighter and thinner than polar fleece, microfleece is perfect for layering and use in mild climates.

Stretch Fleece

Incorporates a small amount of spandex to provide elasticity, making it suitable for active wear.

Applications of Fleece Fabric


From jackets and hats to gloves and scarves, fleece is used in a myriad of apparel items. Its ability to retain heat while remaining lightweight makes it a preferred choice for both casual wear and outdoor gear.


Home Goods

Fleece is also popular in home decor, particularly in items like throws, blankets, and even upholstery due to its soft texture and warmth.


Pet Bed


Industrial Uses

Fleece's insulating properties are utilized in various industrial applications, such as in insulation layers or protective coverings.

Environmental Impact

Sustainability Concerns

The production of fleece is energy-intensive and relies heavily on petroleum, a non-renewable resource. This section discusses the efforts to make fleece production more sustainable, including recycling plastic bottles into fleece fabric.

The Issue of Microplastics

One of the significant environmental drawbacks of fleece is its contribution to microplastic pollution. During washing, tiny fibers shed from fleece garments can enter water systems, posing a threat to aquatic life.

Innovations in Fleece Fabric Production

Recycled Fleece

An increasing number of manufacturers are turning to recycled polyester as a way to reduce the environmental footprint of fleece production. This section details the processes and benefits of using recycled materials in fleece manufacturing.

Biodegradable Options

Recent advancements include the development of biodegradable fleeces, which decompose more quickly than traditional materials, offering a potential solution to pollution and waste management issues.


Fleece fabric is a remarkable material that combines durability, comfort, and warmth, making it a favored choice in numerous applications. Despite its synthetic origins and environmental challenges, innovations in production and recycling are paving the way for a more sustainable future in fleece manufacturing. By understanding the materials and processes involved in its creation, consumers can make more informed choices that align with their values and needs. Whether for outdoor activities, casual wear, or home use, fleece continues to be an indispensable part of our daily lives.


Q1: Is fleece warm enough for winter wear?

A1: Absolutely! Fleece is an excellent insulator, making it ideal for cold weather clothing and accessories.

Q2: Can fleece be recycled?

A2: Yes, fleece made from synthetic fibers can often be recycled, helping to reduce its environmental footprint.

Q3: Does fleece shrink in the wash?

A3: Fleece is generally resistant to shrinking, especially if cared for according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Q4: Is fleece suitable for summer?

A4: Lighter fleece fabrics like microfleece are great for summer due to their breathability and moisture-wicking properties.

Q5: What is fleece fabric made of?

A5: Fleece is primarily made of polyester, which can be derived from recycled plastic bottles or other synthetic materials.

Q6: What kind of fleece fabric we can supply?

We can supply a wide range of fleece fabrics,such as Polar  Fleece, Flannel FleeceSherpa Fleece,Coral FleeceMinky Fleece, Microfleece and so on.

Custom Message

Thank you for exploring the world of fleece fabric with us! We hope this guide has provided you with valuable insights and encourages you to consider fleece for your next crafting project.

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